Florence Capital 1865 - 2015
Gift and collection of the king
11/19/2015 - 4/3/2016 Palazzo Pitti - Modern Art Gallery The Gallery of Modern Art in Palazzo Pitti wanted to celebrate the anniversary of the sesquicentennial anniversary of Florence capital of Italy with an exhibition dedicated to the presence of the King, and in particular to his stay in the Florentine palace, which since 1865 also gave hospitality to the Savoy , the third largest after the ruling dynasty of the Medici and Lorraine. An exhibition that wants to create at some of the original spaces a striking evocation of the life of the Sovereign, his artistic tastes and his main interests and ties, trying to engage the visitor in the atmosphere of the palace. We can imagine what was the enthusiasm of the people for the arrival of the King in Florence, a city that welcomed him warmly, despite the political controversies aroused by this step of the capital from Turin to Florence. First Ruler of the Italian nation, Vittorio Emanuele II came to the throne in 1849 and the annexation of Tuscany to Piedmont visited Florence on different occasions. One of these was the First National Exhibition of 1861, at which effected numerous purchases. His choices were heterogeneous, as had his taste nuanced; numerous paintings and sculptures, but also handicrafts and furniture. In 1863, however, who went to the Academy of Florence, the Sovereign commissioned six young artists some great paintings on historical themes, which later went to decorate the rooms of the palace. In the hall of the Fiorino is exposed, as in grand salon, part of this wealth of works that we have defined, simplifying, the gifts of the King. On display so the paintings, furniture, artifacts and handicrafts that testify to the passage of the Savoy court at Palazzo Pitti. After the election of the city to the capital, became in fact need a rearrangement involving both the private residence of the new sovereign in the Palazzina della Meridiana, present the Costume Gallery, that the Royal Apartments on the main floor of the Palatine Gallery, which were used exclusively for ceremonies and meetings of high-ranking representatives. The apartment of the Duchess of Aosta - so-called for the prolonged stay in the building until 1946 Anne of France - environment that is part of the Gallery of Modern Art, is the core of the exhibition and the opportunity for its rooms are almost all reopened to the public. The rooms are offered with their original furniture, the result of a major redevelopment (1993) basatosi last inventory Art dating back to 1911. The rooms were enlarged for the exhibition dedicated to the presence of environments Savoy, through everyday objects Daily reflecting taste and personality of the ruling, the first of Vittorio Emanuele II, King of Florence Capital. Important evidence of the eclectic taste of the King of Savoy and Aosta, the rooms have reached their present appearance, thanks to the superposition of artifacts and furniture that belonged to those dynasties that had previously inhabited the palace, and were then put back into use after the needed renovations by the new Royal. This first image combine objects such as the monumental mirror Levera and performed by the brothers acquired by Vittorio Emanuele II National Exhibition of 1861, visible in the Red Lounge. Leaving the hall of Music and entering the Yellow Lounge, they are evidence of the passions of the King gentleman, dogs, hunting, horses, as well as traces of those typically male pastimes such as smoking and the game. A lover of nature, found in the sumptuous gardens of Villa La Petraia space away from it all, where to cultivate your interest for science and botany, and from where some exhibits on display. Further along, the number of women who accompanied the life of the sovereign, Margherita of Savoy, grandson and daughter of Vittorio Emanuele and his daughters, Maria Pia and Maria Clotilde. In the rooms that were probably also inhabited by these women you can be seen, as in a suggestive reconstruction, objects related to the fashion of the time. A path that consists of furniture, elegant clothes, household items along with fragile accessories such as fans, parasols, door bouquet carnet or dance, and finally a small repertoire of photographs of the time. In the room of the waiters was finally staged a kind of gallery where you can admire the portraits of men and women that marked the cultural and political events of the time, the wall that connects the appropriate rearrangement of the room 16 of the Gallery of Modern Art , designed as an extension of the rest of the exhibition. Still personalities linked to Florence Capital, who left them in some way a reflection on the history and culture of the period, in addition to painting by Giovanni Mochi Act of Unification of Italy presented to Vittorio Emanuele. In the last section on chinoiserie belonged to the Savoy, as the screen purchased at 'National Exhibition of 1861, or the older one on which it was made put the coat of arms of Savoy. In several other rooms of Palazzo Pitti remained evidence of the short stay of the King in Florence. In addition to the salt of the same modern art gallery where the works, purchased and donated by members of the Royal Family, are reported through the knot Savoy (lit in the logo of the family, which ornament the collar of the Annunziata), and those of Palazzina della Meridiana, chosen by the king as his own private residence in 1865. These rooms were renovated in tapestries and wall decorations and they were used as places of representation furnished with furniture bought Exposition of 1861 of which only some examples, while in ' opposite wing of the house were the private rooms of the Sovereign in which testimony remains only the frescoes on the vaults. The path of Savoy in the Palatine Gallery focuses in the Royal Apartments, further showing that taste Savoy. The current decor is made up of many objects from the building of the Meridiana and from holding abandoned, combined with pre-existing furnishings, and demonstrates how little the figure of the Ruler of Florence Capital, which used these environments only for occasions and ceremonies, you have left track. The imprint Savoy most obvious one must rather to the later presence of Umberto I and Queen Margherita, who chose precisely these halls as a private residence. On the occasion of this event, thanks to the Museums of Florence, has been able to achieve the restoration of fifty works of art including paintings, sculptures and furniture in addition to the necessary maintenance, dusting and restoration of the wallpaper, upholstery and wooden structures.